THE SECURITY COUNCIL REFORM: FOR A MORE INCLUSIVE ORGAN

As the UNGA debates on a reform of the Security Council, various actors have expressed their wishes for a wider range of representation within the UNSC.

During the last sessions of the UNGA, Canada, Mexico, South Korea, Columbia and many other countries were working together on a draft resolution which would make the UNSC more inclusive.

In the mean time, other countries preferred to focus on either the veto power or the role of the delegates; the group has preferred to concentrate on the regional representations.

Among their recommendations, they request to “increase the non-permanent membership to twenty states” which would be attributed as the following:

  1. Africa would have seven seats,

  2. Asia would have seven seats,

  3. Western countries (include North America, Western Europe and  Pacific islands) would have two seats,

  4. Eastern Europe would have one seat,

  5. Latin America would have three seats.

Concerning the veto power, when questioned about it, Colombia stated that they don’t plan on changing it, but simply to add one more seat for an African country, again aiming for a more inclusive Security Council.

“Countries are really willing to discuss for real” said Donald Tusk, President of the European Commission, sponsoring that resolution.

On the other hand, he insists that “[they] want [their] resolution to pass in front of the Security Council” and therefore that the modifications suggested must not be too radical on the UNSC.

He was also surprised that “countries like China, the UK and France were so amendable on their veto power”, on their own resolution draft.

The resolutions that have been presented today would be the first major reform to this structure in its 70 years of existence.

Laurence Pinet - Globe and Mail