IAEA has developed state-to state safeguards on the basis of a structured and technical method used to analyze the possible ways by which nuclear material suitable for use in a nuclear weapon or other nuclear explosive weapon could be received. Currently, a state-based safeguard approach is in place for every each of the 54 States under integrated safeguards.
Information is collected and processed through relevant information coming from the State in question, the activities done by the IAEA concerning safeguards and every other relevant information that is provided for. Such information can be used for reports and declarations.
According to the United Kingdom, peace and security is guaranteed through the control the IAEA has on the countries and its authorities in order for them not to misuse the nuclear powers in their respective countries.
Italy added to this that the IAEA provides standardized regulations where countries choose to obey by. Can this be an actual guarantee of peace and security through trust in the members of the committee? The committee mentioned that it is not possible to oblige the countries to follow the regulations, so nuclear power should be handled through mutual trust rather than strict rules?
Not all states are willing to sign the regulation. Pakistan mentioned that they use the fact that the unsigned regulation on their part is a defence against other countries to control their use of nuclear power.
The committee appeared sure in their mutual trust, but to guarantee peace and security in the nuclear field, more should be done to assure this.
Céline Brandstötter -EURONEWS