Safe Nuclear Armament, Can Other Countries Do It As Well As the US?

  The United States of America will stand up for the people of the world as they have for decades and will ensure a proper use for this type of technology.

The United States of America will stand up for the people of the world as they have for decades and will ensure a proper use for this type of technology.

The international committee has been pushing others to ratify to the Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty (NPT) since its creation in the 1970s. This piece of paper has been signed by almost all of the countries of the world except the US.

How can the arrival of new nuclear states be any good for the citizens of the world? Most of these states are backed by the Kremlin and have a malicious intent against the USA and its allies.  We have all seen trouble that is caused by the DPRK during their development of this type of weapon.

Allowing other countries to create this type of weapon can create chaos among their neighbours and have a tremendous impact in international relations with other countries. Without correct regulations and restrictions on the development and production of nuclear armament in place on the international scene, we should not allow their proliferation.

Security should be brought up and considered by the Nuclear Weapons Possessor States (NMP states) in particular since they are most at risk of being targeted by these attacks causing a great deal of damage to its citizens. Measures responding to this problem should be in place before any other country even considers their own nuclear program.

To say the least, no other country should have nuclear weapons other than the five veto powers on the UNSC and swift and decisive action must be take upon those who infringe this.

The United States of America will stand up for the people of the world as they have for decades and will ensure a proper use for this type of technology. Their delegate in the IAEA recently voiced their opinion reconfirming the preceding statements in a press conference. This is a sign of true change to come.

Victor Cruz - Fox News

Shoot for the Canons

Upon the proposal of an auction of stolen canons on the behalf of Captain Blackbush and his sailors to both the French revolutionaries and Haitian revolutionaries, both parties were asked to propose the best possible offer to the pirates. In exchange, the Captain and his crew expected creative proposals that would include rum, gold, or even the crown.

These pieces of proper modern artillery would be a deciding factor in the current battles.

While the French brainstormed ideas of proposals such as a free one year membership to Jean Hardy’s brothel, “La Maison Hard-y”, the Haitians planned to attack the pirate ship to, in their turn, steal the canons.

The desire to attack on the Haitian side was not limited to the ship. The committee has reached an overwhelming consensus that they should shoot for an offensive strategy, while also being cautious.

The French efforts proved to be successful, they proposed the following directives:

  • Offer the Captain a position as admiral of the French navy and letters of pardon to him and his crew.

  • A donation of 25 000 francs.

  • Provide Blackbush with medals of Honor.

  • Blackbush will receive governance of Tortuga.

  • They will also receive a Bible to save their souls.

  • They will be given wine, spice rum, coffee, cacao and sugar as much as a ship can hold.

In the end, the French received the canons and now have the upper hand in the conflict. They plan to use their newly acquired resources to secure the border and the naval resources.

By Megan Le Stum – Wall Street Journal

Educate, Innovate, Communicate

During the International Atomic Energy Association (IAEA), the delegates of Italy and Israel presented their working paper ‘Educate, Innovate, Communicate (EIC)’. The working paper aimed to educate and address future innovations, responsible waste management, regulations, and accountability.

The working paper discussed the education of nuclear energy and encourages endorsing nuclear education programs. This would provide a forum for for nation state technical assistance, training and supportive nuclear energy planning.

Next Generation Innovation
Another topic addressed was the implementation of decommissioning and/or modernizing old reactors that, being aging resources, pose risks. Mentions of plans to encourage the use of contemporary training systems such as simulations were also brought up. 

Waste Management
Responsible Waste Management was considered by the IAEA protocols in subterranean disposal of nuclear waste, especially concerning High Level Waste. They planned to have geological repositories that are fully validated, monitored, and maintained. 

Regulations and Accountability
Their working paper recommended the higher usage of accountability feedback assessments for improving efficiency of nuclear reactors by incorporating inspections and rulemakings. These models would essentially provide unbiased and fairly regulated bodies, and risk assessment in the nuclear industry. 

On their agenda was also implementing accountability systems to assess the models’ ability to detect and resolve regular failures and errors. 

Developing Nations
An important point addressed regarding the working paper was the developing nations’ involvement. In accordance with decisions made by the IAEA’s Board of Governors, Italy and Israel’s paper strongly reassured that there would be additional usage of the Technical Cooperation Fund to specifically target developing nations.

Aaron Ashe - The Guardian
 

Access to Education – Are Children with Disabilities the Left-Behind ?

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UNICEF in progress on tackling this issue, promising solutions have been offered.

The fourth Sustainable Development Goal seeks to “ ensure inclusive and equitable quality education and promote lifelong learning opportunities for all.” While literacy rates and elementary school attendance rates have improved for both boys and girls, children with disabilities still face many obstacles on their road to schools.

The UNICEF agency has mentioned possibilities for technological solutions. However, they acknowledged that beyond the lack of technological means and infrastructure, the root of the issue is social discrimination children with disabilities might face at school.

The Ethiopian delegate, Stephanie Cech, emphasized the need to conduct research in order to combat the root of this issue. She wants to understand why the current Ethiopian laws in place are not working and what can be changed. Stemming from the results of this research, appropriate effective actions would be implemented.

The majority of the committee agrees that awareness campaign are an effective tool to prevent the exclusion of children with disabilities. Conferences or activities in schools, involving both children and parents, can help sensitize and educate the population.


The UNHCR Divided on How to Resolve the Issues of Human Trafficking

While the UNHCR was working on a resolution to combat the global issue of human trafficking, two blocks formed. While they shared common goals, their means to attain it greatly differed. The goals were clear : protect refugees and migrants as they represent the main victims of human trafficking, provide Center of Rehabilitation in order to help the victims recover both physically and mentally and raise awareness among the population.

  India and Venezuela (part of the first block).

India and Venezuela (part of the first block).

If the two blocks agreed on these priorities, they offer different solutions. For instance, the block led by France, Turkey, South Korea and, Venezuela, believed NGOs are an unreliable primary sources of fundings. In order to address the issue of lack of financial resources, they offered the solution of building an intergovernmental partnership, where developed countries provides funds to developing countries in exchange for free trade agreements. This group also came up with the idea of creating a hotline. Victims would be able to call a number at any time if they find themselves in danger or if they just want more information on the subject. To prevent women kidnapping, this group also suggest the implementation of safe spaces where they can speak up freely without fearing any reprisals.

  The first group discussing their solutions.

The first group discussing their solutions.

The second block led by South Africa, Japan, Italy and Poland are convinced that NGOs have a considerable role to play in raising funds and awareness.

Overall the two blocks at the UNHCR have the same goals: protecting refugees, offering them shelters, and raising awareness. But the means to reach these goals greatly differ. However, a compromise quickly needs to be found given the emergency of the situation on the ground.

Elisa Vallette -AllAfrica

 

 

WILL THE WORLD BE HUNGER FREE BY 2030?

  The WFP, based on their progressive resolution papers and shared propositions to meeting these objectives, had an optimistic approach to reaching the Zero Hunger goal.

The WFP, based on their progressive resolution papers and shared propositions to meeting these objectives, had an optimistic approach to reaching the Zero Hunger goal.

Deep-seated into the World Food Programme meeting, two blocs of delegates have been created to discuss the transparency of food distribution to countries in need.

After being questioned on the topic of trust within alliances, they said that countries would report back to each other if distrust were to happen in their agreements.

Apart from encouraging inclusive food distribution and arrival to localized countries, China brought up the statistic that if countries work in accordance with the second sustainable development goal of Zero Hunger in 2030, the goal could be reached. The main targets of the latter goal consists in ensuring access to nutritious and sufficient food to all people, end all forms of malnutrition, and double the agricultural productivity—all by 2030.

The WFP, based on their progressive resolution papers and shared propositions to meeting these objectives, had an optimistic approach to reaching the Zero Hunger goal.

Achieving this program means the international community will need to find enough food over the next 15 years to feed 795 million starving people. Knowing that the global population is expected to climb to 8.5 billion by 2030 and that climate change is foreseen to ravage crops, ending hunger will require difficult decisions.

With all good intentions to end world hunger, the problem seems to grow day by day. Objectively, this issue is only to be ameliorated, not vanquished.

Maria Dumitrescu-Russia Today

 

Review on the MUNC Experience

The Montreal United Nation Conference welcomes many delegates with different backgrounds and different level of experience. As the second day of is about to end, CNN  investigated on the well being of the MUNC experience by interviewing the Chair and assistant Chair of the Office of the UN High Commissioner for Refugees committee, Jessica Condemi, Jaspreet Kaur Dhillon, and Mary Lynne Loftus.

What do you think about the choice of topic of the committee?

“They have been really productive so far and they have put forward a few good solutions. For example, they talked about prevention and border patrol. They also mentioned the gender aspect of human trafficking, which I thought was interesting,

“I’m actually really happy. I think the other subject, Environment Migration and the Future of Displacement, on their level would have been thought to have concrete resolutions. I was afraid that maybe the debate was going to stay a little bit on the frivolous side, where as now, because human trafficking is a little bit more wide spread in the media, they are more accustomed to it, so they have come up with some good realistic ideas.”

Is there any delegate that stands out?

“There are a couple actually. It is really funny because they are working on resolutions, and France and Italy sort of had the debate, but then I’ll just tell them like, ‘guys, we need new people to speak,’ and then everyone is going to want to speak. So far, not one person has never spoken. Everyone has spoken at least one in every committee session.

“A lot of them are first timers from high school and they have never done this before and they are very enthusiastic, helpful and kind to one another. They are all collaborating a lot with each other which is so nice to see.

“We actually had to force them to separate. They wanted to form one mega block and we told them there could not have more than 10 sponsors on a resolution, so they separated in two.”

Jamila Baldé -CNN

Implementation of Safeguards: A Guarantee of Peace and Security?

IAEA has developed  state-to state safeguards on the basis of a structured and technical method used to analyze the possible ways by which nuclear material suitable for use in a nuclear weapon or other nuclear explosive weapon could be received. Currently, a state-based safeguard approach is in place for every each of the 54 States under integrated safeguards.

Information is collected and processed through relevant information coming from the State in question, the activities done by the IAEA concerning safeguards and every other relevant information that is provided for. Such information can be used for reports and declarations.

According to the United Kingdom, peace and security is guaranteed through the control the IAEA has on the countries and its authorities in order for them not to misuse the nuclear powers in their respective countries.

Italy added to this that the IAEA provides standardized regulations where countries choose to obey by. Can this be an actual guarantee of peace and security through trust in the members of the committee? The committee mentioned that it is not possible to oblige the countries to follow the regulations, so nuclear power should be handled through mutual trust rather than strict rules?

Not all states are willing to sign the regulation. Pakistan mentioned that they use the fact that the unsigned regulation on their part is  a defence against other countries to control their use of nuclear power.

The committee appeared sure in their mutual trust, but to guarantee peace and security in the nuclear field, more should be done to assure this.

Céline Brandstötter -EURONEWS

 

 

Is True and Raw Women Empowerment not the Base Concentration of Middle Eastern Countries?

Recently, a press conference has been held during an OIC committee session and it subtly gave us the impression that they were less concerned with the effective empowerment of women and more concerned on the state political, economical, and crisis of Middle East.

Saudi Arabia, known for the sexist laws it has put up since its official foundation, has stated that  ‘all women will allowed to vote by as of June 2018’, forgetting to mention that a large proportion of them don’t vote or vote under peer societal pressure. 

The Islamic Republic of Saudi Arabia has also stated that ‘the crown prince of Saudi Arabia has issued Vision23 as a plan set out for the empowerment of women and it will go in effect by 2030’ and ended her speech with that without addressing the amount of sexual assault women face during holy pilgrimage at Mecca. 

Is Saudi Arabia still a country that could be held considerable for the advocacy of women’s rights?

Later on, the delegation of Lebanon said they have to committed to the advancement of women by ‘repealing the rape law’. Will the repeal of the rape law decrease the high increasing amount of rape occurring in Lebanon?

The committee was then asked for current and future topics. The delegation of Qatar stated, very powerfully, that even though the empowerment and equity of all sexes is important, the committee and, de facto, Qatar itself would rather like to discuss the political and crises aspect of Middle East and  the conflict within the Islamic world, stating these are of ‘greater importance’.

The neighbouring countries of India are currently, yet subtly, ignoring the struggles that half of the members of humanity must face. 

Shall we allow India, or any country, to create and keep alliances with countries like such not taking values of feminism seriously?

Mahmuda Sekendra Mahin -NDTV India


 

LE CANADA COLLABORE AVEC DES PAYS DE L’UNION EUROPÉENNE POUR AMÉLIORER LES STRATÉGIES DE DISTRIBUTION DE RESSOURCES ALIMENTAIRES AUX PAYS EN AIDE

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Le Canada a travaillé en collaboration avec plusieurs pays de l’Union Européenne, dont les Pays-Bas, la Finlande, la Hongrie, la France et le Royaume-Uni, ainsi qu’avec d’autres états membres à l’assemblée des Nations Unies du World Food Program ayant eu lieu ce samedi 25 novembre 2017. 

La diplomate représentante du Canada s’est exprimée en mettant de l’avant son opinion—qu’elle partage avec ses collaborateurs—sur les mesures qu’il faut prendre en charge afin d’assurer que la distribution des fonds et des ressources alimentaires se fait équitablement et efficacement dans les pays en aide. Selon elle, il est plus propice de considérer améliorer les stratégies de distribution des programmes et systèmes qui sont déjà en place étant donné que certains pays qui n’ont pas une économie assez stable et développée ne pourraient se permettre de créer de nouveaux programmes d’intervention. Ainsi, on permettrait également à ces pays de bénéficier de l’aide que peuvent procurer les programmes de distribution. 

De cette position, ces pays membres considèrent continuer de suivre et de respecter les résolutions établies par le WFP. Par contre, certaines fonctionnent moins et ce sont précisément celles-ci qu’ils visent à améliorer afin d’assurer leur efficacité. En créant une base de données, ils ont planifié établir plus de liens entre les organisations gouvernementales et les communautés locales afin de leur permettre de partager leurs besoins en matière de ressources. Ils visent à mettre de côté l’individualité de la prise de mesures dans les situations de crise en matière d’alimentation, et se concentre davantage à établir un fonctionnement inclusif afin de permettre de fournir une aide équitable aux pays limitrophes. Ils vont procéder à aider les pays en besoin et qui manquent de ressource en contribuant à la base de ressources alimentaires, de main d’œuvre et d’outils nécessaires au pays pour pouvoir rétablir son économie et retrouver son équilibre graduellement. De cette manière, il y aurait tout de même une certaine indépendance entre les pays aidés et les pays fournisseurs.
 

Maria Andrada Pavel -Radio-Canada

 

Transparency: Solution to world hunger?

World hunger is still one of the debated problems.

Syria and Puerto Rico were only two of the many countries that benefitted from the World Food Program which provides nourishment aid to countries in need.

The idea seems noble, but the actual working still has some hiccups.

When the Netherlands wanted to import food into Syria, Russian forces blocked the border and the food arriving in Syria was just left in the port for days instead of being distributed. This causes the food to become spoiled. The Netherlands insisted on focusing on this issue throughout the meeting.

Finland proposed to solve this issue with a general database of the WFP that would increase transparency. Russia agreed with this proposal for the same reasons. Additionally, Finland proposed to cut the distribution system and to invest in local agriculture. While Canada stressed the importance of being transparent about how food is distributed and the importance of teach non-self-sufficient countries to become self-sufficient to release some pressure from the system.

Hungary commented on the question about their position in this case; they believed that every individual has the right for nourishment and water. The Netherlands added to this that the delivery system should also be adapted to crisis situations and this would be possible with more transparency. However, when upon the question of whether the European Union institutions should get involved was brought up, the Netherlands remained silence.

Finland reacted to this question with enthusiasm regarding the funding that the European Commission gives to the World Food Programme and how it helps to collaborate with other countries. He also touched upon the database to increase the transparency.

Euronews

Artificial Intelligence: We Are Entering a Danger Zone.

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The World Health Organisation is currently in talks about the implementation of Artificial Intelligence in the healthcare system. This emerging technology has yet to be tested rigorously and is still considered to be in its infancy by many experts.

France would like to see more regulation on these technologies and would rather concentrate their resources towards more useful things such as immunization of the population against dangerous pathogens.

Countries such as Argentina Australia, Jordan and UAE have supported heavy regulation of these technologies before considering its implementation. These countries (all from different economic standpoints) agreed on this topic and give hope to see progress on the international stage..

However, we have countries such as Austria, Israel, Mexico, Romania, Norway who supported their implementation as quickly as possible. This poses a danger to their peoples and patients. As we saw earlier this year, the UK’s healthcare system got attacked causing distress across the country.  We cannot have this occur in any modern country.

The CEO of Tesla has expressed his concern on AI technologies, recently calling for more regulation and research on the concerns facing this emerging technology.  If those who wish for progress do not want to bring it down upon themselves, they should listen to their technological idol.

Victor Cruz -Fox News

PROBLEMS ARE ENVISIONED WITH THE AI BUT RISKS ARE READY TO BE TAKEN

  South Korea voiced their opinion: “AI doesn’t have to be a complicated technology, we think that the utilization of different applications accessed by smartphones can ease the implementation of such technology in developing countries.” 

South Korea voiced their opinion: “AI doesn’t have to be a complicated technology, we think that the utilization of different applications accessed by smartphones can ease the implementation of such technology in developing countries.” 

The UN panel reunited to discuss the early stages of implementing artificial intelligence globally. The main ideas were the use of AI-powered health technologies, which would help diagnose diseases more effectively, assist doctors and intervene in surgery. 

Many developing countries revoked giving these medical devices a try, since “the risks are too high” and that these technologies are “fairly inaccessible to the poor market.” 

South Korea voiced their opinion: “AI doesn’t have to be a complicated technology, we think that the utilization of different applications accessed by smartphones can ease the implementation of such technology in developing countries.” 

Since the member states of the WHO strongly envisioned the market growing, they continued expanding on concrete solutions to increase these machineries’ popularity among existing international and national frameworks.

Many countries perceived these “robots” as “a brilliant thing of human creation” and as “an innovative way of protecting public health.” Industrialized countries were in favour of deepening research on these “mechanical doctors” to improve existing algorithms and redesign them to make less errors in their functions. 

The questions remained as to whether developing countries, the most affected by diseases, insalubrity, and medical problems, would sign into these ideas.

Notwithstanding, the future looks bright for these automated machines. They can process a high number of data in less time than a human ever could. This revolutionary plan could not only save lives, but could also tremendously reduce practice errors and insure a healthier life.

-Russia Today, Maria Dumitrescu
 

Slavery led to Tampering which led Censure

The International Court of Justice (ICJ) interrupted their regular agenda in order to address the Slovakian scandal that had recently been brought to light. This scandal pertained to the Slovakian judge, Peter Tomka, having tampered with evidence brought to his attention on the presence of Germans enslaving Italians on the Italian territory.

The Slovakian judge argued that the information was only a tip and did not have enough evidence to back it up. When asked if he was hiding any other piece of information, the judge refused to elaborate and added he did not want to further the discussion of this matter.

The agreed upon stance amongst ICJ members regarding the scandal was that Slovakia was guilty and should have brought this substantial piece of information to the eyes of the committee. The delegates were astonished by the tampering on the Slovakians’ behalf, a member of the legal community.

The committee was equally troubled that the Slovakian judge might still be omitting information. The French judge’s fears were even translated in the suggestion of a stricter screening process upon one’s admission to the ICJ.

To contribute to the tension in the room, Judge Abraham questioned the legitimacy of Tomka’s legal capacities. To enforce this opinion, Australia refused to refer to Tomka as a judge. Brazil even added: “Now that we have established the bad apple of this committee, we can remove it.”

Even though the current ICJ committee does not have the jurisdiction to criminalize Tomka, they have acted upon their power in censuring him, leaving Tomka destitute of any voting power within the committee.

Megan Le Stum – Wall Street Journal

India’s Fake Contribution to Progressing Artificial Intelligence on an International Scale.

10:42pm. 2nd session of United Nations. 25th of November. World Health Organization.

Before beginning the threshold of arguments and agreements one may contain for or against a delegation, it a must that we critique the dais’ decision on not involving the topic of funding whereas this is key base of any effective progress. Once again, the U.N. has failed to bring effectiveness to its much debated and insightful ideas.

Furthermore, during an unmoderated caucus, India joined itself in an alliance with Saudi Arabia, Spain, Japan, Jordan, Czech Republic, New Zealand And Argentina.

 They have brought together the main draft idea of creating a global summit, bringing in ‘voluntary’ inspections, talks on mistakes and accidents occurring potentially during AI, bringing in more suggestions about legislations and platforms and, as a short-term goal, innovating ways and discourses that favorize the implementation of artificial intelligence in developing countries.

Although already working in a body committee denouncing the topic of funding, India would be very minimally able to bring insightful thoughts that would globally affect the health aspect. Especially when it could barely bring or even find ways of doing so with food, let alone such futuristic and expensive technology or doctors to rural regions. 

More than 65% of the Indian population only had one vaccine in their entire lifetime and had, on average, 2 to 3 check-ups per 5 years. The current corrupted BJP government of India has bought more internal infections itself, by either selling addictive drugs to win votes or allowing private companies to do so, and no citizen of the world can imagine how such a corrupted government would be capable of contributing to ‘world health’ when it cannot even fix the internal government instability. 

Will the Indian government ever be able to progress and not side with the dark side of politics?

Mahmuda Sekendra Mahin, NDTV India

Action on Nuclear Power by Spreading Awareness Through Education

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This morning, the member states of the IAEA committee debated on nuclear power in the 21st century. Member states proposed various ideas on framing the issues concerning the topic at stake, such as working on funding developing nations for nuclear energy, constructing accountability solutions, improving the technology used, implementing safeguards in order to insure the security and safety of the countries that are concerned in the using of nuclear energy, and innovating for the next generation’s safety features in nuclear facilities.

Another perseverant project that had been discussed, which aims to include the achieving of all of those workings, was the establishment of educational platforms in order to frame cyber security knowledge and emphasize its importance so present and future generations can raise innovative solutions. As the delegate of United States of America claimed, “we must educate, communicate and involve” to insure consciousness of the importance of safe accessibility to nuclear weapon. In these conditions, “innovation means to do the best that we can with the best that we have,” and the best tool that can provide sustainable solutions remains education. The project discussed aims to offer the population a better understanding of the issues and condition of the using of nuclear energy so that it can become more secure and accessible to the individuals in the countries that didn’t have it before. Some of the member states that considered developing a strategy to put this idea in action were the United States of America, Australia, Italy, and South Korea. The committee was divided between the work on fostering education and fostering security.

Shortly, concrete solutions will be written in the IAEA committee about this matter.

Radio Canada
 

UNSC Crisis: USA Under Siege by the Committee

The Guardian visited the UNSC committee earlier this morning during crises updates. It was reported that the Taiz airport located in the southwestern region of Yemen was sieged. 

However, the primary focus in the room appeared to be the execution of Al- Mukalla governor by Al Qaeda. 

These acts of terror lead Al-Qaeda to overtake Al-Mukalla and lead members of the committee to search for viable solutions to combat the terrorist organization.

When interviewing the United Kingdom in regards to the topic, the UK stated that it was a clear violation of international law and that there should be a push for humanitarian action.

 Chile echoed these sentiments in a previous interview and stated that they will send humanitarian aid. 

During another unmoderated caucus, countries such as Angola and China wanted to emphasize that “socialist countries alongside the United States are working on implementing directives to aid  Al-Mukalla”. They also mentioned that their primary focus was to work together to stop a “Greater Evil”. 

It is vital to note that Angola, China, and United States suggested a potential military involvement. However, it was left up for debate amongst the three. 
This debate was ultimately decided by United States when reports surfaced  that USA sent small fleets to the Gulf of Adam. 

The United States placed blockades around the red sea.
This has resulted in the committee questioning them for their actions and essential economic runnings for Europe to decrease. 

In a press conference, the United Kingdom condemned the United States’ actions and the representative of Angola added that the actions of the United States were an act worthy of being recognized as a war crime in the committee.

The United States replied stating that they were simply “helping allies”.

The Guardian
 

The Global Compact : Behind a Well-Intended Discourse Lies Undemocratic Practises

In order to reach the Sustainable Development Goals (SDG) set in 2015, the UN formed public private sector partnerships. The Global Compact, initiated in 2000 by the Secretary General Kofi Annan, seeks to secure human rights, high labour standards and respect for the environment by committing corporations to ten universal principles. These partnerships aim to foster democratic legitimacy and social justice, by including every stakeholder in the decision-making process. However, representation of the civil society is unequal. Indeed, asymmetrical relations of power dominates the UN system. It is noticeable that in the UN specialized agency Global Compact is populated by powerful experts, bureaucrats and corporate elites, where the affected and beneficiaries have little or no say. The Global Compact Board declared its willingness to “include indigenous communities in the decision-making process” however this inclusion is a myth; the indigenous communities are not represented and are unable to defend themselves or advance their interests. They remain voiceless. How can collaboration between indigenous communities and corporations progress if one side does not have a seat at the table of negotiations of the Global Compact. Behind a well-intended discourse lies undemocratic practices. The Global Compact aimed at improving the dialogue between businesses and citizens, however it might have actually reinforced asymmetrical relations of power. Indeed, the powerful Global Compact Board, which presented a multi-stakeholder body, is undemocratic, not representing the interests of the Peoples but rather reinforcing the power of corporations.

AllAfrica

 

Opposed Ideas In The World Food Programme

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Today, the second committee session in The Montreal United Nations Conference took place. The World Food Programme was working on two different resolutions, one led by China and the other by mostly European Union countries. CNN talked with the delegate of Hungary—partnered with Mexico, Finland, Norway, the Russian Federation, and Saudi Arabia—about their proposal.

What do you think we should do to resolve the food problem in the world? What is your resolution going to be about?
“So far, what we want to impose is to help economic factors to help countries have their own independence, which leads also to environmental independence. We are working in accord with the second sustainable development goal of Zero Hunger in 2030. That is why we would like to impose some laws to help individuals reach their goals.”

You want to impose laws to countries?
“Not laws but propositions to help them. For instance, we would like to invest more to help countries invest in agriculture, having access to water, etc. [...] What we want is for everyone to have food, that is the goal.”

When you look at China’s plan to help the countries being more self sufficient, do you agree with that?
“China has a good opinion, they want to help, but what China is doing right now is cutting on the food supply that some individuals need right now and just helping them economically and he doesn’t think about individuals personal needs.”

You think what he proposes does not fit every country?
“Yes, because some countries, for example, do not have an income like China does. It is good to have self-sustainability, but they are able to do that because they have an income, not every country can. For instance, small countries in Africa do not have an income high enough to be able to invest in infrastructures.”

You believe some countries will never be able to be self sustainable?
“Not can’t, but they need a lot of help to reach that goal, and what China is trying to do is to just give it all at one and then leave them. What we want to do is to help them slowly so they countries do not feel left alone.”

You think by giving them help year by year, they should be self sufficient by 2030?
“Yes.”

China’s goal is also self-sufficiency, so what you suggest is to be give help more slowly that what China propose?
“Yes. China looks at the issue with it’s own mentality, and we, the European countries and others collaborates, are really working more in group, and not with one individual imposing their ideas.”

-CNN, Jamila Baldé

Funding of Refugees or concrete solution of the Syrian War?

This evening, the Organization of Islamic Cooperation met to discuss current issues concerning the Refugee Crisis.

During the negotiations, there were two proposals that took over. On one hand, Iraq and Syria proposed short-term solutions by funding the infrastructure of refugee camps and the rebuilding of warzones in order to send refugees back home.

On the other hand, Egypt and Indonesia wanted to find, together with Iran, a concrete solution to the war as they have the opinion that funding is hard to find and will not provide a solution to all countries hosting the refugees.

Qatar was more concerned about the trauma that the refugees endure and wants to provide trauma centres to reintroduce the stateless to society and in consequence, have them contribute to society and the economy rather than burden it.

Bangladesh, as a host country, wanted to receive funding to expand the building of refugee camps while Qatar proposed to give the financial aid needed and urged the other states of the organisation to do the same.

At the end of this meeting, the question remains whether funding should be increased or whether a concrete, long-term solution should be provided.

Euronews

The Haitian Revolution, French Colonialists: Committee Seeks a Solution for Alleged Haitian Uprising

During the Haitian Revolution (French Colonialists) committee crisis’s update, members worked on a solution on the alleged Haitian uprising.

Rumours have surged that there was a potential Haitian uprising set to take place in Port- au- Prince.

Members of the French Colonist during their moderated caucus discussed initiatives to prevent the Haitian uprising and looked for support from the newly king Napoleon for assistance. Louis Thomas Villaret de Joyeuse stated that French Colonists should send their troops but insure the safety of the people around the region.

Joyeuse also mentioned that there should be military support around the island of Saint-Domingue but the focus of the navy should be towards the borders. He believes that this will be a strong counter measure to prevent Haitians from attacking. Joyeuse encourages all delegates in the room to support the initiative to move troops to Port- au- Prince in order to take control of the situation.

The focus of the unmoderated caucus pushed towards solutions that could not be further discussed.

The Guardian