A resolution is a declaration of opinion from a committee, and, eventually, from the United Nations as a whole (if adopted by the General Assembly). They are not binding on anyone, unless they come from the Security Council, but carry a great deal of moral force.

Resolution Format

The resolution format is very specific. It is essentially a list of statements, called clauses, and is divided into two parts, the preamble and the operative section. In both, the first word of each clause must be emboldened and italicized. The first word of each must be a verb of a definite type. The committee chair is the final arbiter of the resolution format.


The preambulatory section is where a resolution lists its justifications. It uses passive verbs like guided byalarmed byrealizedrecallingnoting, etc. The preamble does not actually do anything, but it is necessary, because it provides a context for the operate section to draw from. This is also the place to reference (recalling) treaties and resolutions that have been adopted on the subject. In this section, each clause ends with a comma. Preambulatory clauses are not numbered.


This is the meat of the resolution, where its recommendations are spelled out. The idea is not to be overly specific, but specific enough to get the job done. This sounds tricky, but is easier than it seems. The trick is to not get carried away, and to err on the side of specificity. All clauses in this section are numbered, an all end with semicolons, except for the last, which ends in a period. Always remember, resolutions passed by committees other than the Security Council have no actual binding power, so should not use words like demands and requires. This is only a recommendation, however. Use the language you deem necessary. More common clause beginners would be urgesasksexpresses concernnotesrecommendsdeclares, etc.

List of Suggested Words

Preamble: Affirming, Alarmed by, Approving, Aware of, Believing, Bearing in mind, Confident, Contemplating, Convinced, Declaring, Deeply concerned, Deeply conscious, Deeply convinced, Deeply regretting, Desiring, Emphasizing, Expecting, Expressing its appreciation, Expressing its satisfaction, Fulfilling, Fully alarmed, Fully believing, Further deploring, Further recalling, Having adopted, Having considered, Having considered further, Having devoted attention, Having examined, Having studied, Having heard, Having received, Keeping in mind, Noting with regret, Noting with satisfaction, Noting with deep concern, Noting with approval, Observing, Realizing, Reaffirming, Recalling, Recognizing, Referring, Seeking, Taking into account, Taking into consideration, Taking note, Viewing with appreciation, and Welcoming.

Operative: Accepts, Affirms, Approves, Authorizes, Calls, Calls upon, Condemns, Congratulates, Confirms, Considers, Declares accordingly, Demands, Deplores, Draws the attention, Designates, Emphasizes, Encourages, Endorses, Expresses its appreciation, Expresses its hope, Further invites, Further proclaims, Further reminds, Further recommends, Further resolves, Further requests, Have resolved, Notes, Proclaims, Reaffirms, Recommends, Reminds, Regrets, Requests, Requires, Solemnly affirms, Strongly condemns, Supports, Trusts, Takes note of, Transmits, and Urges.

*Resolution writing is to commence once the conference begins. Delegates should avoid pre-written resolutions.